Ponds, also called water gardens, can be a nice addition to your outdoor space. Providing beauty and peace, water gardens can add to the calm of your life. On the other hands, though, in a worst case scenario, they can become your worst nightmare since they can also become breeding grounds for mosquitos. Mosquitos are those universally loathed creatures that have the ability to raise itchy welts on your arms and legs and face. If you’re anything like me, you’d love to keep mosquitos as far away from you as possible. Back to the awful idea of your pond as a mosquito breeding ground.
In order to understand how to prevent this awful scenario, you need to have some knowledge of how mosquitos reproduce. Female mosquitos lay eggs in still water where the eggs remain floating before hatching into larva about 48 hours later. These larva can remain where they hatched for about 10 days, changing into pupa, and then into adult mosquitos a couple of days. Given the fact that mosquitos are vulnerable in the larval phase, just sitting there on the surface, a smart water garden owner will populate the garden with fish eager to prey upon those larval mosquitos. Smaller fish are usually better since the large ones eat, well, larger things that mosquito larvae. A few good choices are killifish, guppies, and common goldfish as all of these eat larval mosquitos. The same goes for bass, bluegill, and catfish. All of the fish mentioned so far get along with other kinds of fish, and so you can populate your water garden with a mixture of these kinds.
If you don’t currently have fish in your pond, consider adding mosquito fish, or gambusia affinis. A large female gambusia has the ability to consumre over two hundred mosquito larva per hour. Being aggressive, they are also known to attack other species of fish. Mosquito fish are a good aid for ridding your pond of mosquitos but not a good friend to other fish. If you have not desire for a different kinds of fish in your water garden, though, mosquito fish are a great bet. They are tough and can live in varied temperatures and can survive colder temperatures. If all of this fish talk is leaving you cold, consider adding tadpoles to your pond. Tadpoles love to eat mosquito larvae. Besides, they grow up to be frogs which also eat mosquitos.
Another tip for keeping mosquitos from taking over your water garden is closely monitor those areas of shallow or still water since mosquitos are attracted to those areas. In addition, be sure to trim any plants handing over the edge of the pond as they can provide shelter for mosquito larvae. Also, if you can do so, agitate the water surface with a fountain or waterfall. As previously stated, female mosquitos like to lay their eggs on the surface of still water. Moving water will create a hostile environment for the female mosquitos.
For help and consulation regarding these ideas or other ideas for ridding your water gardens of mosquitos, call Purely Ponds of Colorado Springs.